A value drawing of an observed landscape reduced to geometric solids. Begin by observing the landscape from life. Once you have established the light source and indicated light's effect on form, you likely will be able to complete it without being on site.
Combine the following geometric forms to represent the landscape you are observing: cube, rectangular solid, sphere, cylinder, pyramid, and cone. You may use any form more than once (In fact, you may have to), but you must use them all. Identify the light source (which should probably be outside the bounds of the picture plane) and the direction and intensity of that light. Indicate how that light source affects the forms in this scene. Include highlights, shadow edges, reflected light, and cast shadows where necessary. The geometric forms must be convincingly real both in their accuracy of line (i.e. linear perspective) and in their chiaroscuro (lights and darks).
Click here for online “handout” of how-to drawing tips for geometric solids.
Graphite (Use 2B, 4B, and 6B pencils)
1. Improve realistic rendering of form
2. Improve realistic rendering of three-dimensional structure through linear perspective.
- Realism of 3D form and structure (light's effect on form)
- Composition (Design of the page)
As you draw, ask yourself if you are doing the following (You should be!):
- Fill the page.
- Consider the entire page as a composition.
- Consider the aesthetic relationships between the positive and negative shapes.
- Get the lines and shapes right. On the round forms, get the ellipses right. Make the geometric forms stand straight and strong. (They must not look like they’re deflating.)
- Indicate how the forms will affect their neighboring forms re: shadows.
- Indicate that some forms are different local values than others, and will therefore appear lighter or darker in general.